Sahara is considered one of the hottest deserts in the world, however, the temperatures aren’t constant and they vary based on the area.
So what is the Shara desert temperature? The Sahara Desert temperature is usually between 30°C and 50°C during the day. The highest temperature ever recorded in the Sahara Desert is 58°C. At night, the average temperature is between 10 and 20 degrees Celsius.
The Sahara Desert experiences extreme temperatures, with daytime temperatures reaching above 40°C and sometimes exceeding 50°C. In summer, the heat can be intense, with temperatures sometimes exceeding 40°C during the day and dropping significantly at night. The average high temperature in summer is around 40°C and can even reach up to 47°C over three months. The Sahara Desert receives very low precipitation, less than 100mm per year, contributing to its arid conditions. At night, temperatures can drop dramatically due to the lack of humidity, reaching lows of -6°C. Snowfall is rare in the Sahara, occurring mainly on mountain ranges such as the Tibesti Mountains in Chad.
The highest temperature ever recorded in the Sahara Desert was 136 degrees Fahrenheit (57.7 degrees Celsius) in Al Azizia, Libya. The lowest temperature ever recorded in the Sahara Desert was -11°C (12.2°F). This extreme cold can occur in some parts of the desert, especially at higher altitudes, highlighting the significant temperature variations experienced in this arid region.
The average temperatures listed below provide a clearer overview of the temperature variations in different locations and times of the year within the Sahara Desert.
|Time of Year
|Time of Day
|Average Temperature (°C)
|El Azizia, Libya
|Ain Sefra, Algeria
However, temperatures in the Sahara are not constant; there is variability according to the geographical areas and their climatic characteristics.
The Sahara desert is the largest hot desert in the world and one of the most imposing.
What makes it so interesting?
For starters, its size:
It covers about a third of Africa’s landmass! You can’t turn around without running into sand dunes that are as high as 300 feet tall with peaks sometimes reaching an elevation over 1 mile off sea level.
The temperature varies dramatically from day to night here – daytime temperatures often hover around 120 degrees Fahrenheit while nighttime lows drop below freezing.
The northernmost latitudes are arid subtropical and have two rainy seasons, while the southern latitudes are tropical and have one rainy season.
The Sahara Desert is located in Northern Africa. The desert covers most of the North African countries, including Algeria, Chad, Egypt, Libya and Sudan. It also extends into Morocco and Mauritania.
This article will talk about what the temperature is like in this area during the day and at night time.
Sahara Desert Temperature During The Day
The heat of the desert can reach extreme temperatures during the day. The sun’s rays are reflected off the sand, which causes air to heat up and temperature soar.
When there is no water vapor in the atmosphere, sunlight can be absorbed by rock and sand much easier–causing an increase of at least 10 degrees over a short period of time!
The average daytime temperature in the Sahara Desert is 100 degrees Fahrenheit.
Unlike other regions in which water vapor cools down air and soil to create an even gradient between warm days and cold nights, there are no bodies of water here for that effect to happen so quickly transition from hot sandstone rocks or dry leaves on ground have made this area one of earth’s hottest!
Sahara Desert Temperature During The Night
The Sahara is a dry place, but it gets chilly at night. Most of the heat during day dissipates by evening, so temperatures drop.
The average Sahara Desert temperature during the night is 25 degrees Fahrenheit or -4 degrees Celsius.
The sun sets and after its heat has dissipated, the majority of what is left becomes a cool breeze. It’s not hard to imagine how quickly temperatures plummet when there isn’t any sunshine!
It’s an incredible change from daytime highs of over 100-degrees Fahrenheit during a day with sunshine to nighttime lows of minus 4-degrees Celsius on chilly nights without any warmth coming from the sky.
Sahara Desert Temperature During Winter
The Sahara has a dry, tropical climate that provides for mild winters. But when the weather turns cold during winter months in northern parts of the desert, it’s usually very harsh and can get as low as -36 to -52°F (-33 °C).
The northern parts of the desert experience cold winters, while central areas and warm to mild weather during wintertime.
During winter, temperatures in the Sahara Desert are about 55 degrees Fahrenheit (13 °C) on average. On some occasions, temperatures as low as 36°F(-33 °C) have been reported. Winters can be dry or wet depending on how much rainfall there was from season-to-season.
Sahara Desert Temperature During Summer
Summers in the Sahara Desert are like living on a hot, humid day for most of your life. The temperature will reach 122 degrees Fahrenheit during the summer and you’ll be able to experience 40°C even at night!
The summers in the Sahara Desert are very humid, and temperatures can reach 122 degrees Fahrenheit during summer. However, at night it will fall below 0°C which is much cooler than what you might be used to.
Summers in the Sahara Desert are like living on a hot, humid day for most of your life. This is due to its location near a tropical ocean and desert dryness which has led it to be one of Earth’s hottest regions year round (even at night).
Month By Month Temperatures in The Sahara Desert
The coldest months in the Sahara Desert are January and December. February, however, is a warm month with an average high temperature at 24°C (75.2°F).
March marks the first month of spring where temperatures range from 26 °C to 15 cm on average (~15-59 degrees Fahrenheit).
The average temperature in April ranges from 27°C (80.6°F) – 16º C (60.8 °F).
June marks the beginning of summer when it’s usually warmer than 80 F with an average range between 20-31 ºC.
The Sahara desert is a hot place all year, but July and August are by far the hottest months. Temperatures above 35°C (95°F) have been recorded in these months since records began decades ago!
With average temperatures ranging from 35 degrees Celsius (95 degrees Fahrenheit) to 23 degress Celsuis, July and August are surely two scorching months in the Sahara Desert with an annual high temperature range at 36°C-40°C(97 °F – 104 °F).
It can be hard to imagine that a place like the Sahara desert could ever have been considered lush and fertile. This is because of what we know now about climate change, but in the past it was not uncommon for civilizations to flourish in this region.
In fact, some of them were among the most advanced on Earth at their time.
I’m not saying that you should pack your bags and move to the Sahara Desert. But if you’re looking for a change of scenery, I can’t think of any place more beautiful than this land of sand, sunsets and camels.
Here is a detailed guide on the Sahara.
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